Língua Portuguesa, Literatura e Alfabetização

Categoria: Portuguese for foreigners

Portuguese: Differences between verbs To Be: Ser / Estar

By Samara Fernandes 
Verb to be and verb to be? What does it mean? When can I use?


That’s more simple then it looks like. It’s just that in Portuguese you can use the verb to be in two different ways, cause time can affect the use.
Ser: is the verb used for permanent conditions, characteristics, in other words, those that can’t change. (or might not change)
Estar: is the verb used for not permanent conditions or characteristics, those that are temporary, that can change. (transitory)
Let’s talk about examples:
e.g: Daniel é bonito (Daniel is handsome) – Daniel is really handsome, probably since he was born.
e.g¹: Ana está bonita (Ana is beautiful) –  At this moment, Ana is beautiful, but maybe she doesn’t look beautiful all the time.
Another exemples with the verb SER:
e.g: O meu nome é Juliana. (My name is Juliana)
e.g¹: Eu sou brasileira. (I am Brazilian)
e.g²: Ela é casada (She is maried)

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Brazil: How to behave at greetings and meeting someone new? Understanding the Brazilian culture


By Samara Fernandes

Before learning a language, you may learn about countries culture, behavior and social context. Understanding culture and behavior is understanding the language, you can not dissociate it.

High spirits and charismatic people

Hospitality in Brazil is the keyword. Brazilian people are very happy, friendly, helpful and they don’t let themselves down in any situation. When creativity is at stake, no one better than the Brazilians can seek a solution to their problems. Enthusiasm defines them.

It is part of Brazilian daily life greet and say-goodbye to each person present. Don’t forget that it’s polite. Residential locals, like apartments, condominium, even if you don’t know a neighbor, say “bom dia”, “tchau”, when entering or exiting the elevator. Brazilians feel uncomfortable with the silence. When asking something, always say “por favor”. Always.

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